Communism is a socio economic system that stands for a class less, state less and an egalitarian society. Fascism is an ideology that tries to bring together radical and authoritarian nationalism. Fascism became popular between and and the term has become an epithet for all bad things. Fascism originally referred to the Fascists under Benito Mussolini.
In cold fact, the new Russian government was not quite as new as many of its admirers and enemies believed. Tyranny—the oppressive government of brute force—was as old as civilization itself.
Because private ownership of goods would corrupt their owners by encouraging selfishness, Plato argued, the guardians must live as a large family that shares common ownership not only of material goods but also of spouses and children.
Other early visions of communism drew their inspiration from religion. The first Christians practiced a simple kind of communism—as described in Acts 4: Similar motives later inspired the formation of monastic orders in which monks took vows of poverty and promised to share their few worldly goods with each other and with the poor.
The English humanist Sir Thomas More extended this monastic communism in Utopiawhich describes an imaginary society in which money is abolished and people share meals, houses, and other goods in common.
Other fictional communistic utopias followed, notably City of the Sunby the Italian philosopher Tommaso Campanellaas did attempts to put communist ideas into practice. The vision was not shared by the Protectorate led by Oliver Cromwellwhich harshly suppressed the Diggers in It was neither a religious upheaval nor a civil war but a technological and economic revolution —the Industrial Revolution of the late 18th and early 19th centuries—that provided the impetus and inspiration for modern communism.
This revolution, which achieved great gains in economic productivity at the expense of an increasingly miserable working class, encouraged Marx to think that the class struggles that dominated history were leading inevitably to a society in which prosperity would be shared by all through common ownership of the means of production.
Marxian communism Karl Marx was born in the German Rhineland to middle-class parents of Jewish descent who had abandoned their religion in an attempt to assimilate into an anti-Semitic society. The young Marx studied philosophy at the University of Berlin and received a doctorate from the University of Jena inbut he was unable, because of his Jewish ancestry and his liberal political views, to secure a teaching position.
He then turned to journalism, where his investigations disclosed what he perceived as systematic injustice and corruption at all levels of German society. Convinced that German and, more broadly, European society could not be reformed from within but instead had to be remade from the ground up, Marx became a political radical.
His views soon brought him to the attention of the police, and, fearing arrest and imprisonment, he left for Paris.
There he renewed an acquaintance with his countryman Friedrich Engelswho became his friend and coauthor in a collaboration that was to last nearly 40 years.
Like Marx, Engels was deeply disturbed by what he regarded as the injustices of a society divided by class. Appalled by the poverty and squalor in which ordinary workers lived and worked, he described their misery in grisly detail in The Condition of the English Working Class Marx and Engels maintained that the poverty, disease, and early death that afflicted the proletariat the industrial working class were endemic to capitalism: Under this alternative system, the major means of industrial production—such as mines, mills, factories, and railroads—would be publicly owned and operated for the benefit of all.
Marx and Engels presented this critique of capitalism and a brief sketch of a possible future communist society in Manifesto of the Communist Partywhich they wrote at the commission of a small group of radicals called the Communist League.
Marx, meanwhile, had begun to lay the theoretical and he believed scientific foundations of communism, first in The German Ideology written —46, published and later in Das Kapital ; Capital. His theory has three main aspects: Marx derived his views in part from the philosophy of G.
According to Marx, material production requires two things: In primitive societies the material forces were few and simple—for example, grains and the stone tools used to grind them into flour. For example, iron miners once worked with pickaxes and shovels, which they owned, but the invention of the steam shovel changed the way they extracted iron ore.
Since no miner could afford to buy a steam shovel, he had to work for someone who could. Marx held that human history had progressed through a series of stages, from ancient slave society through feudalism to capitalism.
In each stage a dominant class uses its control of the means of production to exploit the labour of a larger class of workers.
Thus, the bourgeoisie overthrew the aristocracy and replaced feudalism with capitalism; so too, Marx predicted, will the proletariat overthrow the bourgeoisie and replace capitalism with communism.
The problem, Marx believed, was that this wealth—and the political power and economic opportunities that went with it—was unfairly distributed. The capitalists reap the profits while paying the workers a pittance for long hours of hard labour.Fascism (/ ˈ f æ ʃ ɪ z əm /) is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and strong regimentation of society and of the economy, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
The first fascist movements emerged in Italy during World War I before it spread to other European countries. The Mystery of Fascism by David Ramsay Steele. Mussolini - as he would like to have been remembered. You're the top! You're the Great Houdini!
You're the top! The Devil in History is a provocative analysis of the relationship between communism and fascism. Reflecting the author’s personal experiences within communist totalitarianism, this is a book about political passions, radicalism, utopian ideals, and their catastrophic consequences in the twentieth century’s experiments in social engineering.
What’s the Difference Between Fascism, Socialism, and Communism?
by David Schlecht. With all the confusion out there today on the part of the Chronically Confused Conservatives of our times, I though I would try to put together a simple comparison of the three terms they confuse the most for Democracy. Communism vs Fascism.
Though some people may term communism and fascism as the two sides of the same coin, they are different in their ideology and other aspects.
Communism is a socio economic system that stands for a class less, state less and an egalitarian society. Fascism is an ideology that tries to bring together radical and authoritarian nationalism. Apr 03, · Fascism and communism have a few similarities and several important differences (also, I will assume the questioner is talking about soviet-style communism given the contrast with fascism; I am aware that there are other forms of communism.
When the Spanish Civil War began, in , fascism was on the march across Europe, as a new breed of strongman leader emerged from the horrors and economic ravages of the First World War and the Great Depression. — matías costa, Smithsonian, "The Battle Over the Memory of the Spanish Civil War," 28 June Blackshirts and Reds: Rational Fascism and the Overthrow of Communism [Michael Parenti] on r-bridal.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Blackshirts & Reds explores some of the big issues of our time: fascism, capitalism, communism, revolution. This comment came from Jeff after commenting was closed: I read your article about the differences of fascism, socialism and communism. You might want to do some research on what fascism really is.